How Drivers Can Hit Pedestrians

How Drivers Can Hit Pedestrians

Pedestrians are like chunks of meat on the pavement in danger of getting hit by large metal casings. For this reason, they are the most vulnerable persons on the streets. They are not like drivers, who are inside vehicles that can absorb the impact of collisions. They are not like motorcyclists and bicyclists, who are protected by helmets, pads, and other safety gears.

Car drivers should make the effort of avoiding pedestrian accidents, and the first step to completely avoid these kinds of collisions is knowing how they can occur.

Not considering crosswalks and sidewalks

According to the website of the Fort Worth car accident lawyers at The Benton Law Firm, crosswalks and sidewalks serve more as potential “yields” to most drivers, rather than precautionary measures. This mindset may lead to pedestrian accidents. Whenever you are near crosswalks and sidewalks, slow down and be wary of potential pedestrians who may pass.

Not yielding to pedestrian

In the matters of accidents and injuries, sometimes who has the right of way is not important. If a pedestrian suddenly crosses the street even though you have a green light, slow down and let the pedestrian pass, instead of changing lanes, honking aggressively, or not giving way at all.

Not looking before and during a turn

Crosswalks are typically found in intersections, so it is not surprising for a pedestrian to be crossing while you are turning onto a street. Before even turning, put on your signal lights so vehicles and pedestrians around you will know where you are going. Also be mindful of people who are looking into crossing the road.

Not paying attention to road signs

There are road signs that warn you or caution you about possible accidents, such as how school zones require you to not exceed a certain speed limit because of the dangers of hitting students crossing the street. Not paying attention to road signs or deliberately disobeying them can lead to accidents.

Being distracted by phones or other devices

The moment you put your eyes off the road because of distractions like mobile devices is the moment you put yourself and pedestrians around you at risk. Avoid texting on your phone, browsing through your playlist, or constantly looking at your GPS device, as these can trigger accidents.

According to the website of these Louisville car accident attorneys, pedestrians who have been involved in car accidents may get compensation from the responsible party. But this does not mean that pedestrians can just cross roads recklessly. Drivers and pedestrians should work together so we can have safer roads for everybody.

Kinds of Distracted Driving

Distracted driving is one of the inexcusable sources of car accidents. It is very easy to prevent, but reckless and negligent drivers still do it, endangering not only themselves, but also the others around them. According to the website of West Palm Beach injury attorneys, distracted driving resulting into an accident can be subject to a personal injury case.

To avoid the troubles of injury cases and their financial cost, it is best to just stay away from distracted driving. Below are different kinds of distracted driving, because further knowledge about the matter will help you avoid doing them.

Cognitive Distractions

Cognitive distractions are factors that may affect the driver’s focus on the road, such as daydreaming, thinking about other matters that put your attention away from the task of driving, getting too involved in conversations with passengers, and having emotional issues and psychological issues.

This kind of distraction can be countered using one word – focus. Remember that a single mistake in driving can result into accidents, so it is best to put your total attention in driving. Avoid thinking of other stuff too much.

Manual Distractions

Manual distractions are factors that may force you to put your hand off the wheel. This is a very common kind of distraction, because many drivers, especially those who are experienced, have the tendency to be complacent.

Things like eating and drinking, grooming and looking at the mirror, sending a text message or speaking with someone on the phone, and adjusting the radio, are some of the most common manifestations of manual distractions.

To avoid this kind of distraction, make sure that everything is set into place even before you hit the road. Adjust your radio, send that important text, and eat that meal.

Visual Distractions

Visual distractions are factors that put the driver’s eye away from the road. We all know that hand-eye-feet coordination is an important aspect of safe driving, so putting away your eyes from the road even for a split second can have devastating effects.

Distractions of the visual nature include looking at your GPS device, browsing through your music playlist, searching for an item inside the car, and again, looking at your mobile phone for whatever reason.

Again, this kind of distraction is very easy to avoid. You just have to stay focused on the road. Discipline yourself from constantly checking your phone and putting your eyes off the road.

Distracted driving is a very simple thing, so the solutions are also quite simple. It is all about focus and learning how to manage possible distractions.

Fair Labor Standards Act: Information on Overtime Pay for Call Center Workers

The Fair Labor Standards Act or FLSA assures all employees of their right to receive additional compensation for performing duties outside of their regularly appointed. According to the Department of Labor, most employees working within a 40-hour work week are entitled to overtime pay that is not less than 1.5 times their regular rate of pay. This means that any employee earning wages at the federal minimum $7.25 per hour is entitled to an additional $3.63 on top of their regular rate for every hour worked outside their fixed schedule. While there are certain professions that are exempted from this rule, plenty of employees covered by the FLSA continue to be short-changed by their employers.

Call center workers are among the employees typically denied proper overtime pay in Texas. According to Texas overtime pay lawyers of the Leichter Law Firm, many call centers attempt to cut corners to save on costs at the expense of their workforce. Common FLSA violations done by call centers include the denial of overtime pay for salaried employees, improper exemptions from overtime, and automatic deduction for meal breaks. Many call center workers are also denied proper wages for seemingly simple tasks accomplished before and after their particular schedules. As the lawyers of Leicther Law Firm puts it, performing tasks outside the eight-hour workday like downloading work instructions and answering work-related emails might also entitle employees for overtime compensation.

Aside from call enter workers, other individuals typically denied proper overtime pay in Texas include independent contractors, salaried employees, and hourly employees. Regardless of one’s specific job title, everyone whose profession is covered by the FLSA have the prerogative to pursue legal action against employers that refuse to provide proper compensation. Employers that are found to be in violation of the law could then be required to pay their employees double the amount of unpaid overtime wages as penalty.

Violence Against the Elderly

A woman described to be 5’5 with a small build, who has a definitive mark of a mole on her chin and was wearing a hooded sweatshirt with yellow lettering, sunglasses, and a knit cap, took out her knife, stuck it on the side of an elderly man on Nov. 17, 2015 around 1:22 p.m. in the 4800 block of West Charleston Boulevard in Las Vegas, Nevada and demanded that he give her all the money from his automated teller machine.

According to, nowadays, more and more elderly people are targeted to become victims of abuse – physical or otherwise. One cause of this is the changing cultural strata wherein old people are not that respected anymore by the younger generation, unlike in the golden times when they are treated as the fountain of wisdom and all things great. A lot of youngsters nowadays do not place value on the status of the elderly, and thus they disregard their welfare and sometimes prey haplessly on elderly people, who they can outwit and overpower.

Also, people who suffer from substance abuse find the elderly easy targets who can be easily subdued and are usually powerless against force and manipulation. This occasion becomes more prevalent with the rise of unaccompanied and isolated elderly people who find themselves living alone in urban cities without their children or grandchildren living in the same house with them.

Women, in this case elderly women, will still find themselves on the brunt of the receiving end of violence, simply because they outnumber men and because they may also be more socially and economically dependent on people around them.

Another factor why the elderly become victims of abuse is because they are not properly housed; this means they do not have people taking care of them, or if they are living with people, these people are co-boarders in a rental home that the elderly people are forced to room with due to lack of financial capability to rent or own a house by themselves.

Dangers of Dog Bite Injuries

Children in many cases are warned to not talk to strangers or to pet strange dogs. This is because both situations are potentially harmful to kids, who would most likely be the population to be bitten or abducted. In the latter case, it can happen to anyone no matter what the age. More that 4 million men and women in the US are victims of dog attacks and about 17% of the injuries are significant enough to require considerable medical attention.

Dog owners are generally responsible for the behavior of the pets, much more when they’re in areas that are in public places or there are people on their property that have a right to be there. Also, mild injuries may entail substantial costs to the victim as the typical method requires tetanus and anti-rabies pictures.  The website of the Massachusetts personal injury lawyers of Crowe & Mulvey, LLP says that these health-related expenses and additional costs shouldn’t be shouldered by the sufferer if the bite was unprovoked and the casualty had a legitimate reason to maintain the place, i.e. public park.

Depending on the state laws where the injury happened, the dog owner may be responsible for injury caused by their pet the possessor despite not having any previous incidents or knowledge of their dog being dangerous. When the owner neglected to make sure the security of individuals around their dog with knowledge that it was not safe, the owner might be found not only civilly but also criminally responsible. In all cases, pet owners have to exercise due care to make certain that their pets pose no danger by keeping them leashed in public and controlled inside the house when at home. Owners whose dogs caused injuries resulting in death could possibly be ordered to have the dog put down to stop it from creating more harm.
Dog bite victims’ and their family members and have every right to prosecute for damages, including a loss in income for lost days of work regarding serious canine attacks together with pain and suffering.

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis is a congenital heart condition in which the pulmonary valve, the main valve that controls blood flow from the heart to the lungs, is defective causing a lack of blood flow. The condition can be mild or severe, with severe cases often worsening over time. Mild to moderate cases often result in heart murmurs, shortness of breath, chest pain, loss of consciousness, and fatigue. Severe cases can lead to further complications which include infections in the lining of the heart, heart pumping problems due to stiffness and weakness of the heart, irregular heartbeats, and heart failure.

Though causes specific to pulmonary valve stenosis are unknown, many professionals relate the disease to genetic abnormalities. However, children who develop pulmonary valve stenosis often have other congenital heart complications for which causes are known. Therefore, the same risk factors associated with other heart defects are often associated to pulmonary valve stenosis as well. These causal factors include the following:

  • Rubella
  • Diabetes
  • Usage of certain medications
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking

While clear links between many of these factors and congenital heart diseases have long been known, some of the most recent findings in the exploration of causal factors related to congenital heart defects are in the usage of certain medications. For example, recently it has been discovered that a drug known as Zofran (Ondansetron) can increase the risk of a child having an underdeveloped heart by 20 percent. To learn more about these Zofran side effects, click here. Despite the fact that the drug was originally developed and approved for usage in the treatment of cancer and post-surgery patients suffering from nausea and vomiting, doctors across the world often prescribe the drug “off-label” to pregnant women with similar symptoms leading to them unknowingly increasing their risk of giving birth to a child with heart complications.

Factors Resulting to Cerebral Palsy

About 10,000 newly born babies and children, who are in the first years of their lives, are diagnosed with cerebral palsy every year. This neurological or brain disorder is an incurable, chronic condition resulting from brain injury or abnormal formation of the brain due to inadequate supply of oxygen (to the brain).

Cerebral palsy affects the communication between the brain and the muscles, resulting to uncoordinated movement and posturing. Its causes may be congenital (and, thus, present at birth) or acquired (which occur during a child’s early years). Some of the specific reasons which may lead to cerebral palsy, include: lack of proper care for the pregnant woman; alcohol and/or drug dependence during pregnancy; undetected and/or untreated maternal infections during pregnancy; severe cases of jaundice; premature birth; very low birth weight; failure to recognize and treat fetal distress; failure to discover a prolapsed umbilical cord; inflammation of the umbilical cord; extreme use forceps or vacuum during delivery; and, failure to see the need for a C-section procedure, especially if the child is too big to pass safely through the birth canal.

Besides these, there are also four types of brain damage that have been identified as causing cerebral palsy:

  1. Periventricular Leukomalacia, or PVL, a condition wherein fluids fill the lateral ventricles (holes or empty spaces) created inside the brain. These holes are results of damage to the white matter of the brain. PVL can cause spastic cerebral palsy and intellectual impairment.
  2. Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy, or HIE (also called Intrapartum Asphyxia). This brain injury is caused by the prolonged deprivation of oxygen to the brain, a situation also known as intrapartum asphyxia. HIE can result to severe impairment among infants.
  3. Intraventricular Hemorrhage, or IVH, is bleeding inside the brain, which can either kill or damage that area of the brain responsible for development and motor function.
  4. Cerebral Dysgenesis, which is brain malformation or abnormal brain development, can be due to: a brain that does not fully develop; a brain the developed abnormally; a brain that developed, but with incomplete organization; and, a brain that did not divide completely.

The founding of the Cerebral Palsy Research Registry in Chicago may be a giant leap in helping all other US states gain a deeper and wider understanding of cerebral palsy to enable medical experts, medical therapists and all others concerned with the rehabilitation of cerebral palsy patients, come up with much better programs that will further bring out the best in children suffering from this brain disorder.

Despite the CPRR’s work, which gives cerebral palsy in Chicago a new light, cerebral palsy lawyers continuously work to help cerebral palsy victims attain the justice they deserve and receive the compensation they may be entitled to.

The Dangers of Mislabeling

Consumers are becoming more conscious about what they are buying. We want to know that what we are eating was made with integrity and is of high quality. Unfortunately, marketers take advantage of that and will tailor their labels to make you think what you are buying is what you want. In reality, the brand you are buying may be no different from its “inferior” competitors. Here are some foods that are often mislabeled.

Cage-free and free-range eggs are not all they are cracked up to be. The requirements to be able to label eggs cage-free or free-range do not ensure that chickens are living in a wide open space, or even a pin where they can spread their wings. They are often let out of their claustrophobic living quarters only a few minutes a day, and have a diet unhealthy for their digestive system. Fortunately, a way to tell that your eggs were made humanely is to check if the word “pastured” is on the carton.

Similarly, “wild” salmon typically spends about half of its life in a hatchery. If you are buying your fish between the months of November to March, it is most likely not wild. Also, if you want truly wild salmon, you are going to have to pay the price for it. If you bought wild salmon for a relatively cheap price, it is most likely not as wild as you would assume.

Some companies will even fail to include that there are nuts or dairy in their product, creating a risk for those that are allergic or intolerant. In addition, there have been cases of nutrition labels having incorrect information, posing a threat for diabetics. The website of Pohl and Berk says that mislabeling can cause serious harm to those with certain moral lifestyle choices and health issues.

Product Liability

Protecting Americans from defective and injurious products is one of the so many important duties accomplished by the federal government through its branch the Bureau of Consumer Protection. Every year US courts hear and decide over thousands of product liability lawsuits filed by consumers who have been injured by defective products. This is because despite the many laws that are supposed check all manufactured products, approve standard-compliant goods and reject those that are poorly made and defective, the latter still end up in store shelves ready for picking by unsuspecting buyers.

Thus, as part of protecting consumers, the Bureau’s tasks include:

  • Formulation, promotion and enforcement of fair marketplace laws
  • Accepting complaints from consumers regarding substandard and defective products and conducting investigations about these complaints
  • Educating individuals and businesses about their purchasing or manufacturing rights and responsibilities
  • Protecting the American public from defective, misleading and sub-standard goods by ending unfair and fraudulent business practices
  • Filing of product liability lawsuits against business firms and individuals found guilty of misleading consumers and/or violating consumer rights.

Product liability refers to the legal responsibility of manufacturers, distributors and sellers in compensating consumers harmed or injured by their defective or harmful products. It is actually based on the assumption of negligence, an act many manufacturers are guilty of. Negligence can result to failure to add an important step in the process of production or failure to produce goods that comply with industry standards. Regardless of whatever it results to, though, injuries sustained due to someone else’s negligence are always called personal injuries.

Personal injuries, especially serious ones, always entail medical treatment and a recovery period, which will necessitate a person to skip work (if he/she is employed). Though the law allows people, who sustain personal injuries, to receive compensation from the liable party, the real extent and effects of the injury, as well as the amount of compensation, will have to be determined through a lawsuit.

Rights to Compensation

Having a well-written demand letter can pave the way to a constructive negotiation that can ultimately lead to a more favorable result for your personal injury claim. The demand letter in an injury claim will be the one to set the stage for a settlement negotiation, and it made by you (the injured party) and would provide the details and circumstances surrounding the accident and the information on medical treatment. It should be drafted after you have been released from your physician’s care, or when you have reached the highest level of healing after the accident.

You need to gather all the necessary information relevant to the accident in order to make a strong and comprehensible argument for your right for compensation; police report of the accident, witness statements, lost wage information, medical records and bills, and other significant information should be collected and presented. It is also necessary to recount how the accident occurred – this recognizes your version of how the accident happened and give the insurer a view of how you would present your testimony to the jury should the claim go to court. Make sure to recount how the incident occurred as accurately as you can, with the police reports and witness statements helping to back up your story. T should also be able to establish “fault” – proving that the other party was the one responsible for the accident. A strong evidence of liability, such as a citation from the police report, can help further establish your claim.

After a detailed explanation of the facts and events related to the accident, the medical treatment and bills (along with the expenses during the course of the recovery), and the lost wages, a summation for a specific amount of compensation should be made according to the combined expenses. In order to have room for negotiations, you should have a higher amount in your demand letter. Having a lower amount can leave you with no room to negotiate a higher price, therefore you should have a significantly higher amount in order to have a fair amount of compensation to recover. For more information, see the website of the Jeff Sampson Law Firm